According to information released by Tass on January 11, 2021, the latest Otvet (Response) anti-submarine missile system has been accepted for service in the Russian Navy, a national defense industry source said.
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Russian battlecruiser Admiral Nakhimov (Image source: Oleg Kuleshov)
A source said earlier that the state-of-the-art anti-submarine missile system had successfully passed state trials, which were organized by the board of directors of the first mass-built frigate of the project 22350, Admiral Kasatonov since 2019.
On December 15, the Pacific Fleet frigate Marshal Shaposhnikov launched an Otvet anti-submarine missile into the Sea of Japan which successfully hit an underwater target.
The Otvet anti-submarine missile system was developed by the Sea Underwater Weapon – Gidropribor Group (part of the Tactical Missiles Corporation). According to open sources, the Otvet system consists of an anti-submarine missile launched from 3S-14 general-purpose launchers (also used for Kalibr, Oniks and Tsirkon cruise missiles).
The warhead section of the missile includes a small-sized homing anti-submarine torpedo. Upon reaching the target area, the missile drops a torpedo into the water, then it submerges and automatically tracks an enemy submarine, using its sonar system.
The system mounted on surface ships has a maximum firing range of 40 km.
Work is underway to increase the range of the system’s cruise missile, which could in fact be doubled. The Russian Navy plans to equip most of its surface combatants with the Otvet anti-submarine missile system, including the nuclear-powered missile cruiser Admiral Nakhimov.
Admiral Nakhimov is the third Kirov-class battlecruiser of the Russian Navy. The ship was originally commissioned into the Soviet Navy in the 1980s, known at the time as Kalinin, a name the ship retained until 1992.
Since 1997, Admiral Nakhimov has been undergoing repair and refit to receive new and improved weapons and was expected to return to service in the Russian Navy around 2023.