10 Feb 2021
According to information released by the Russian news agency TASS on February 10, 2020, the Russian defense industry will develop a naval version of its Tor-M2 air defense missile system for the Russian Navy.
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The Tor-M2 has already been tested aboard a Russian Navy ship. (Image source Russia Defense Forum)
The Tor air defense missile system was created in the late 1970s by the Moscow Electromechanical Research Institute (NIEMI). It was commissioned in the spring of 1986. Tor is to engage in air and missile defense at the battalion level. It can defend important administrative, economic and military installations, as well as the first levels of land formations against anti-radar and cruise missiles. The complex can control the airspace and automatically shoot down any air targets not identified by the friendly or enemy system.
The complex is armed with vertical launch anti-aircraft guided missiles with a range of 12 km and altitudes of up to 10 km. The improved radar can detect stealth planes: jets, helicopters, cruise missiles, as well as precision munitions and aerial bombs.
The weapon has been greatly improved over the course of its life. The most advanced option is Tor-M2. It is supplied as standard to the Ministry of Defense. In 2019, it signed a contract worth 100 billion rubles for the delivery of Tor-M2 until 2027.
Tor-M2 is tracked due to operations in motorized infantry or offensive and defensive armor formations. In 2019, the Ministry of Defense and the Kupol company signed a contact for Arctic Tor on the two-section tracked DT-30 transporter from Uralvagonzavod. The combat vehicle has a high off-road capability and can overcome ditches, float and operate in less than 50 degrees of frost. It is armed with 16 missiles, which can destroy targets several seconds after detection. The complex successfully completes missions in all situations, including active electronic warfare.
The Kalashnikov Group presented their vision for the development of the Tor-M2 at the Army-2020 forum. It featured the SKKSh-586 wheeled undercarriage produced by the Mytishchi Machine Building Plant. The vehicle is made of aluminum alloys to provide bullet and explosion protection without additional devices attached. It allows to better use the interior and to reduce the weight. The SKKSh-586 has a high off-road capability and can float with two water jets to overcome water obstacles. The running gear has a hydromechanical gearbox, on-board information controls, main and emergency power sources, heating, ventilation, air conditioning and video surveillance systems.
Russian Navy nuclear cruiser Petr Veliky is armed with the Tor air defense missile system (Image source Twitter Capt (N))
The Tor at sea already exists. This is the Kinzhal 3K95 complex at close range. Warships with a displacement of more than 800 tons have been armed with them since 1989. The aircraft carrier Admiral Kuznetsov, the heavy nuclear cruisers Petr Veliky and Admiral Nakhimov of the project 1144, the large anti-submarine ships of the project 1155 and the project 11540 frigates are armed with this. Each rotary launcher carries eight anti-aircraft guided missiles.
The on-board Tor-M2 is likely to have the same features as its last ground option. The only problem is an additional lighting radar in the guidance system. However, the Altair company in Moscow solved the problem in the 1990s. Admiral Nakhimov begins testing in 2021 and is likely to become the first airborne Tor-M2 carrier.
Rotating launchers are likely to be replaced by vertical launchers. They will speed up the reaction to target destruction because they carry more guided anti-aircraft missiles, the Independent Military Review said.
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