Russia accuses Ukraine of using Tochka-U mobile ballistic missile system to target Donetsk region | Ukraine – Russia invasion conflict war


According to information published by the Russian News Agency CASS and video published on the Internet, Ukraine used the Tochka-U surface-to-surface ballistic missile to hit a military target in the Donetsk region. On the other side, the Russian armed forces used the Kinzhal hypersonic missile in the Ivano-Frankivsk region and the Bastion anti-ship missile system to destroy Ukrainian military installations near the Black Sea port of Odessa.
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Ukrainian army Tochka-U surface-to-surface mobile ballistic missile. (Ukraine MoD source archive image)

According to the 2021 military balance sheet, the Armed Forces of Ukraine have a total of 90 9K79 Tochka (SS-21 Scarab) mobile surface-to-surface ballistic missile launcher.

In July 2021, Ukraine conducted a test fire with a modified version of the Tochka-U solid-fueled short-range surface-to-surface ballistic missile (OTR-21 NATO designation SS-21 Scarab). The new version was equipped with an emergency stop system and a telemetry control system.

The 9M79 Tochka, NATO designation SS-21 Scarab is a Russian-made mobile short-range ballistic missile that entered service with the Russian Armed Forces in 1975. The system is designed to be deployed alongside conventional forces, maintaining flexibility on the battlefield, and attack tactical targets such as bridges, storage facilities, troop concentrations and airfields.

the Tochka The missile system is based on a BAZ-5921 6×6 vehicle which is used to transport and launch the missile. The Tochka can carry conventional, nuclear or chemical warheads. It is a single-stage, single-warhead, solid-fuel, short-range battlefield ballistic missile with a range of 70 km and inertial guidance to achieve an accuracy of 150 m circular error probable (CEP). It has a 482 kg warhead that can be equipped with conventional, chemical or nuclear ammunition. The nuclear warhead is believed to have a selectable yield of 10 or 100 kT.

The Tochka-U also called Scarab-B has an extended range of 120 km and was developed in the mid-1980s and began replacing the A variant in 1989. It uses the same BAZ-5921 carrier and launcher as the Tochka version . While the B variant uses inertial guidance for targeting, it also uses GPS and radar – or the Optical Terminal Correlation System – to increase its accuracy to 95m CEP. Like the Scarab-A, the Scarab-B is also capable of being swung with conventional and nuclear payloads, however, increased maneuverability in combat allows the B version to better evade missile defenses.


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