According to a video posted by the Russian Ministry of Defense on its “VK” account, the Buk-M3 also nicknamed Viking, is the latest version of the Buk family of medium-range surface-to-air defense missiles and is now deployed in Ukraine by the Russian Armed Forces. The Buk-M3 is considered by Russian soldiers to be the killer of the Turkish-made Bayraktar drones used by the Ukrainian military to conduct bombardments against Russian tanks and command posts. In this article, learn about the combat capabilities of the Russian Buk-M3 explained by the editorial staff of Army Recognition.
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According to Russian soldiers, the Buk-M3 air defense missile system is the killer of the Turkish-made Bayraktar drone used by the Ukrainian armed forces. (Russian Defense Ministry image source)
Citing information from the Russian Defense Ministry, since the start of the war in Ukraine, Russian air defense missile systems have destroyed a large amount of Turkish-made Bayraktar (unmanned aerial vehicles) drones operated by the Ukrainian Armed Forces . Russian soldiers said the Bayraktar drone is an easy target for Russian anti-aircraft missile systems such as Tor-M2, Pants and Buk-M3 due to their relatively large size, low speed and poor maneuverability.
The Buk M3, also nicknamed Viking, is the latest generation of Russia’s medium-range air defense missile system. It uses a new missile and has advanced electronics. It has much improved capabilities compared to older Buk systems. It even outperforms the older S-300P long-range air defense system.
A single Buk-M3 complex (including several launchers) is capable of engaging up to 36 different targets simultaneously from any angle, while a single fire control radar is capable of supporting the engagement of up to 6 different targets simultaneously in a sector 120° in azimuth and 85° in elevation.
A Buk-M3 Viking missile battery consists of two TELAR 9A317M (Transporter Erector LAuncher and Radar) vehicles and one TEL 9A316M (Transporter Erector Launcher) vehicle. The TELAR is based on the GM-569 tracked armored chassis and carries six ready-to-fire missiles mounted on a turntable that can travel 360°.
The Buk-M3 TELAR’s turret features a fire control radar on the front and a launcher with six ready-to-fire missiles on top. It can fire the new 9R31M radar-guided surface-to-air missile (SAM) with increased range and improved overall performance over the 9M38 used on the Buk-M1 and Buk-M2.
The Buk-3M’s target kill probability has increased to 0.9999, and its maximum kill range has been increased by 25 kilometers and now stands at 70 kilometers. The Buk-M3 is capable of destroying any type of air target with a range of 2.5 to 70 km, with a speed of 3,000 m/s at an altitude of 15 m to 35 km. The Buk-M3 missile has been optimized for intercepting low-flying cruise missiles but can also engage land and sea targets.
The Buk-M3 The Viking missile system is mounted on a GM-569A tracked armored chassis like the Buk-M2. The Buk-M3 armored vehicle is powered by a V-46 multi-fuel diesel engine developing 710 hp at the maximum speed of 2,000 rpm. The vehicle can travel at a maximum speed of 70 km/h with a maximum range of 500 km.